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INVESTMENT GUIDE

International Research Agencies’ Reports

Doing Business by World Bank Group

The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group. Doing Business 2017 is the 14th in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving insolvency and labor market regulation. Mongolia is ranked 62 among 190 economies in the ease of doing business in 2017 ratings. Distance to frontier score of Mongolia resulted 68.15 from 100 scores.

 

 

Most improved business area was Paying Taxes, climbed to 35 in 2016 from 73 in 2016, by introducing an electronic system for filing and payment of taxes. Mongolian economy occupied 26th place in Protecting Minority Investors, 29th place in Dealing with Construction Permits and 36th place in Starting Business.

How Mongolia and comparator economies rank on the ease of paying taxes

 

Investment Attractiveness Index by Fraser Institute

The Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan research institute, conducts a survey every year among mining companies, and attempts to assess how mineral endowments and public policy factors such as taxation and regulatory uncertainty affect exploration investment. Investment Attractiveness Index is constructed by combining the Policy Perception Index for 40 percent, and Best Practices Mineral Potential Index for 60 percent. In 2016, Mongolia was rated at 81 out of 104 countries for its attractiveness for foreign direct investment.

Investment Attractiveness Index of Asian countries, by ranks

Asian countries

Score

Rank

2015

2014

2013

2012/ 2013

2011/ 2012

2015

2014

2013

2012/ 2013

2011/ 2012

China

58.49

48.89

58.69

54.5

61.07

64/109

94/122

62/112

63/96

59/93

India

55.47

58.26

52.13

58.69

50.34

73/109

68/122

84/112

53/96

82/93

Kazakhstan

74.66

50.84

63.45

62.5

61.27

20/109

88/122

53/112

42/96

58/93

Kyrgyzstan

45.91

40.69

37.5

55.27

55.71

91/109

109/122

107/112

62/96

75/93

The Law PDR

54.44

67.06

47.22

*

57.91

77/109

45/122

91/112

*

69/93

Mongolia

50.03

49.22

53.25

67.04

67.18

85/109

93/122

80/112

31/96

41/93

Myanmar

48.92

61.7

53.32

*

*

87/109

60/122

79/112

*

*

Vietnam

53.96

55.62

48.77

56.45

41.64

78/109

78/122

89/112

59/96

91/93

According to the report of Investment Attractiveness Index 2011/2012, 2012/2013 for Mongolia was 67, and then declined to 53.2 in 2013, however, recently it was fluctuating at 49.2 in 2014, 50 in 2015, and 49.42 in 2016.

The Fraser Institute pointed out uncertainty concerning disputed land claims, uncertainty concerning protected areas and availability of labor and skills are all the factors that cause drop in policy perception index.

The Resource Governance Index by Natural Resource Governance Institute

The Resource Governance Index by the National Resource Governance Institute (formerly known as Revenue Watch Institute) assists the people of the country to understand benefits of oil, gas and mineral resources by providing technical recommendation and advocacy services, conducting thematic studies and policy analysis as well as strengthening capacity. The 2017 RGI assesses how 81 resource-rich countries govern their oil, gas and mineral wealth. The index composite score is made up of three components. Two measure key characteristics of the extractives sector - value realization and revenue management – and a third captures the broader context of governance – the enabling environment. These three overarching dimensions of governance consist of 14 subcomponents, which comprise 51 indicators, which are calculated by aggregating 133 questions.

Set indicators

Number of subcomponents

Number of indicators

Rank

Score

1

Value realization

4

35

17

63

2

Revenue management

3

16

22

54

3

Enabling environment

7

 

13

73

Index score

15

64

Mongolia’s mining sector scores  a satisfactory 64 of 100 points in the 2017 RGI, placing it 15th among 89 assessments and 1st among 9 countries assessed in the Eurasia region. Mongolia has 18 million metric tons of copper reserves, representing 2% of global reserves. These copper reserves have attracted considerable investment over the past decade. It has developed a number of policies to manage resouce revenues, including the establishment of a sovereign wealth fund and distribution of revenues via direct cash transfer, however, the recent fall of commodity prices has pushed the country in to a debt crisis.

In previous report, 2012 RGI, Mongolia was ranked 26th among 58 participating countries by receiving 51 points.

International Resource Governance Index

 

 

Credit rating for Mongolia

The Government’s capacity to receive credit and ability to pay back the debt is measured by credit rating. In general, the credit rating is established by three international agencies - Standrad&Poor’s, Moody’s and Fitch. For example, Mongolia’s credit rating in foreign and national currency was downgraded by Fitch to B- from B. Moody’s has also downgraded Mongolia’s long-term credit rating from В3 to Саа1.

2016 Credit Rating for Mongolia

 

moody's зурган илэрцүүд

Холбоотой Зураг

S&P зурган илэрцүүд

Credit rating

Caa1

B-

B-

Outlook

Stable

Stable

Stable

Date

2017-03-30

2017-02-19

2016-08-19

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